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Welcome to the FACTS chemical accident database

chemical hazard

FACTS is the acronym for "Failure and ACcidents Technical information System". FACTS is a accident database which contains information on more than 25,200 (industrial) accidents (incidents) involving hazardous materials or dangerous goods that have happened all over the world during the past 90 years.

The main objective of the FACTS chemical accident database is to learn from accidents or incidents and to prevent them in the future.
Not only analyzed and documented accidents involving severe damage or danger, such as BLEVES, major spills, huge explosions and derailments, are included, but also near-misses. The quality of the information on recorded accidents is also related to their seriousness and impact. For the most serious accidents detailed information is known; 2,00,000 pages of background information is stored, most of it electronically and remains available for further research purposes.

FACTS contains more than 25,200 accidents and can be used as an in-house reference system. The accidents are coded in abstracts making the existing data suitable for risk analysis, risk management, damage prevention and statistics. The abstracts are very accessible, so that even the most complex accidents are easy to comprehend.


The FACTS chemical accident database was a product of TNO Industrial and External Safety.

The exploitation of the database is no longer be done by TNO. The maintenance and exploitation of the database are continued by the Unified Industrial & Harbour Fire Department in Rotterdam-Rozenburg.

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Chemical accidents in the news
A Chevron’s refinery in Richmond, California burst into flames earlier this month.
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117 FedEx employees at the Super Hub at the Memphis Airport were treated for side effects after the release of a substance used to make pepper spray.
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A hazardous materials emergency crew was called to a company in the Greenfield Industrial Park at mid-day Friday after a chemical spill injured a worker.
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SEVEN men are being treated by paramedics after a chemical accident at an industrial unit in Brimsdown.
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PASCO-- A 12 car train derailment at the Pasco railyard caused 2,000 gallons of ethanol to spill Monday morning.
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Chemical leakage at the Scotiabank Place resulted in severe respiratory problems for two employees working in the building. The leakage took place in the refrigeration room of the building. The chemical leaked was ammonia, and immediately after the leakage, authorities vacated the building. Pipes of the building were hurriedly closed and Fire Brigade of Ottawa was given an emergency call.
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A toxic chemical cloud blew into a Russian city, ruining school-year opening ceremonies and causing dozens to seek hospital care.
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Several explosions occurred on a tanker ship being loaded with fuel at the Lingen-Holthausen refinery in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia late on Monday, police said. The vessel caught fire and sank. The fire brigade was able to get the blaze on the Ems River canal under control, in addition to preventing it from spreading to other nearby ships, police said. Super-grade fuel leaked out of the burning ship and also caught fire, which was also put out with a special foam. But the dangerous fuel-water combination created in the accident could still cause further fires or explosions, police said. The ship’s five crew members also managed to escape, though one suffered minor injuries.
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At 2142 hours, a railroad tanker car containing 65000 kg ethanol caught fire on the railyard Kijfhoek near Zwijndrecht in the Netherlands. Due to unknown cause a crack in the car spilled ethanol under and around the the car. Emergency response organisations were on the scene with a lot of equipment. Some people from nearby houses were evacuated. The rail traffic is partly blocked and the nearby highway was closed. Railroad tanker cars in the nearby surroundigs such as empty but not degassed LPG cars were removed. The fire brigades tried to cover the pool of fire with foam. At 0800 hours next morning the fire was nearly extinguished.
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A major fire erupted at a chemical storage and packing company in The Netherlands. A towering plume of thick smoke rose out of the fire at Chemie-Pack Nederland BV in an industrial estate in the southern town of Moerdijk.
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